From Rabbi Chayim Vital’s Gates of Holiness:
3. There are four main Evil attributes [associated with the four Foundations – Fire, Wind, Water and Earth] that we can embody: 1 - arrogance [associated with Fire] and the anger that always come with it; 2 - useless chatter [associated with Wind]; 3 - desires for material pleasures [associated with Water]; and 4 - sadness [associated with Earth]. All four come from the four Husks - the Evil Urge - that is part of our lower soul.
This Teaching is primarily from the writings of the great early 18th Century kabbalist - the Ramchal - Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto. First there are a few short passages from Pirkei Avot (Ethics of the Fathers) that introduce the topic of freewill. The paragraphs in italilcs are mine:
This picture is a quote from the 17th Century Kabbalist Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzatto, also known as the Ramchal. It is from his classic book, ‘The Way of God’. It sums up for me the main point of Judaism, and spiritual practice and religious observance in general with fifty Hebrew words. Here is my translation of these fifty words that can be found in Part 1, Chapter 4, Paragraph 6:
As we ease into the 21st Century, many people are worried about Messianic Madness. There are plenty of nuts out there, convinced of the immanent arrival of a Messiah who will swoop out of the sky on a white donkey and miraculously save us and transform the world into Paradise. And there are plenty of fundamentalist religious fanatics preparing for the terror and mayhem predicted by various apocalyptic prophecies and end-of-days beliefs.